Information Guide

Seizure is the method of levy for personal property in the possession of the debtor. If the debtor has a
business, the placement of a keeper in the debtor’s business for an 8-hour period is a relatively
inexpensive form of seizure. An 8-hour keeper levy is particularly effective when used as a "fact-finding
mission" to identify equipment and inventory at the debtor’s business. A deputy Process Server performs
the levy by placing a keeper (custodian) in the debtor’s business for an 8-hour period. During that time,
the keeper seizes incoming cash and checks from the sale of merchandise and prevents the removal of
any stock-in-trade or equipment unless paid for. The keeper also prepares a written inventory of the
property found at the business. If further action is required, the creditor may refer to the keeper’s
inventory to weigh the feasibility of having the Process Server seize, move to storage and sell some or all
of the property if the debtor does not satisfy the judgment.

The debtor may claim the levied property as exempt if the debtor is an individual (not a corporation,
partnership, etc.) If an exemption is filed, the Process Server will mail a copy of the claim and instructions
for opposing the exemption to the creditor.

Property belonging to the debtor that is not in the possession of the debtor must be garnished and
cannot be seized. A keeper levy cannot be made if the Process Server determines that the business is
not in the possession of the debtor. For example, a keeper may be installed at A1-Auto, a corporation, if
the writ lists the debtor as A-1 Auto, a corporation. However, if the writ only lists John Smith, an individual
(who is also President of the corporation) as the debtor, a keeper cannot be placed because the
corporation is not a named debtor. The wages owed to John Smith by the corporation must be levied by
garnishment (earnings withholding order.)

If the debtor is an artificial person (corporation, partnership, etc.), the writ must include the debtor’s legal
entity, e.g., A-1 Auto, a corporation or Acme Sales, a partnership. The Sheriff cannot enforce a writ that
does not list the debtor’s legal entity. A "dba" (doing business as) is not a legal entity. For example, A-1
Auto dba A-1 Auto Parts does not list the legal entity. But, A-1 Auto, a corporation, dba A-1 Auto Parts is
acceptable.
Checklist


  • $150 fee deposit
  • Original Writ of Execution (Money Judgment) Plus
    three copies
  • Process Server's Instructions
  • Submit to the Process Server no later than 160
    days after issuance of the Writ of Execution
Court Document
Required
Original Writ of Execution (Money Judgment) (form EJ-130) plus three copies
Purpose of Process
The writ authorizes Process Server to seize the debtor’s property to satisfy
a money judgment
Process Server's
Instructions
Specify the name and address of debtor’s business. Must be signed and
dated by the creditor’s attorney, or the creditor if the creditor doesn’t have
an attorney.
Time for Service
The writ of execution expires 180 days after the issuance.
Manner of Levy
The method of levy is seizure by placing a Process Server’s keeper in the
debtor’s business to prevent removal of property and to collect sales
proceeds for payment to the creditor. The Process Server collects sales
revenue and prevents removal of property from the debtor’s business for an
8-hour period
Fee Deposit
$150 or more
Fee
$135 if served, $50 if not founded, $20 if cancelled.
Proof of Service
A proof of service is not issued. Instead, a return detailing the Process
Server’s actions is prepared which accompanies the writ when it is returned
to the court. The Process Server telephonically notifies the creditor when the
keeper is placed.

All U.S. States are accepted for  process
server service within California.
LACFPS Department Company
Los Angeles Civil & Family Process Servers Department Company
T. (213) 352-0533
F. (888) 596-4381
E. lacfpsd@gmail.com
M. 3006 S. Vermont Ave. # 241 Los Angeles, CA 90007    
KEEPER 8-HOUR (WRIT OF EXECUTION) $46.20